Benchmark 5

Step 1: Plan & Focus

  1. State a topic in the form of a…
  • Broad question
  • Problem (Is this a real-life problem?)
  • Statement generated through brainstorming
  1. Match purpose and audience with plans for conducting research
  2. Pre-plan presentation and/or product to help focus research (products include lists, charts, paragraphs, diagrams, outlines, graphs, letters, reviews, poems)
  3. Conduct “pre-search” investigations to seek initial and background information before setting final research questions
  4. Generate several questions as a way to focus and narrow topic of research
  5. Categorize and focus the questions or statements to aid research (clustering, mind mapping, webbing, etc.)

Step 2: Find Out ~ Locate ~ Gather

  1. Use different sources of information
  • Text Sources (information books, primary sources (firsthand interviews), dictionaries, encyclopedias, media (video, tapes, etc.), literature, almanacs, biographical dictionaries, atlases, classroom collections, World Wide Web, geographical dictionaries, periodicals, ESD, CIMC, CRC, special subject sources, computer software)
  • Human Sources (interviews, field studies, television, surveys, radio, speech/presentation)
  • External Sources (telephone, public library, other libraries)
  1. Use subject, author, title, and keyword searches to find materials using the online catalog
  2. Identify key facts and information after reading several passages or articles on the same topic
  3. Use skim & scan reading techniques to find information and support understanding: pick out key words and phrases; identify fact boxes, charts, graphs, diagrams, maps, captions, tables, bold headings, pictures and captions
  4. Select relevant information by comparing it with the focus questions
  5. Use note-taking strategies to paraphrase and synthesize appropriate information (Understands that information must be in his/her own words)
  6. Complete note-taking process with one source before locating another source so student knows what other information is needed
  7. Differentiate between fact and opinion
  8. Understand that not all information is credible
  9. Begin to be aware of different people’s point of view
  10. Cite sources using bibliographical format (link to appropriate sample) 

Step 3: Organize

  1. Categorize notes according to the focus questions
  2. Use tools to organize and summarize information: outlines, mind maps, Venn diagrams, grids, charts, morphological charts, tables, spreadsheets
  3. Use techniques for managing information: note cards, notebooks, portfolios, electronic storage
  4. Use teacher-created checklist to manage contents of folders
  5. Determine relevant and irrelevant information
  6. Use calendar process (flow chart, timeline)
  7. Compare and contrast information
  8. Create a draft of information -- lists, charts, paragraphs, diagrams, outlines, and graphs 

Step 4: Interpret ~ Analyze

  1. Evaluate new information and ideas by testing them against known information and ideas
  2. Understand the need for accurate information and begin to check reliability by comparing information from different sources
  3. Draw inferences, conclusions, or generalizations about main ideas in text, and support them with textual evidence and prior knowledge
  4. Ask questions and support answers by connecting prior knowledge with literal information found in and inferred from text
  5. Draw conclusions about whether portions of a passage are facts or opinions
  6. Understand different points of view of information
  7. Determine whether original questions have been answered (Do I need to go back and gather more information?) 

Step 5: Report Findings

  1. Produce quality documents addressing layout, design and audience
  2. Present information in a variety of ways (informal sharing, simple reports-written and word processed, experiments, models, murals, dioramas, journals, multimedia)
  3. Develop and report information in more than one form (e.g., written report with visual graphics or oral report with hand-out)
  4. When appropriate, share findings/results outside of school community, e.g. interviewees, neighborhood groups
  5. Write research reports about ideas, issues, or events by using the following guidelines (ODE 5th grade standard requirement)
  • Frame questions that direct the investigation
  • Establish a main idea or topic
  • Use a variety of information sources, including firsthand interviews, reference materials, and electronic resources to locate information to support the topic
  • Cite references appropriately 

Step 6: Assess ~ Reflect

  1. Use appropriate scoring guides (writing, speaking, visual) to assess own work
  2. Determine satisfaction with information and finished product 

Contact Us

Phone:  541-766-4704
Fax:  541-757-5726
Address:  1555 SW 35th St., Corvallis, Oregon 97333
Staff:  Cindy Dagesse